The Amazon rainforest creates and relies on its own rainfall for survival. Deforestation, increased drought, and wildfire is threatening this process, resulting in an Amazon “dieback” that would transform the world’s largest rainforest into a grassland-like ecosystem. Preventing this outcome is not only possible; it may well be the cheapest means of keeping carbon in the forests. This panel will explore the science behind the “dieback” scenario, and ways to scale effective, bottom-up strategies for managing fire. Speakers will draw on extensive research, as well as first-hand experience managing fires through a collaborative network of Indigenous Peoples, farmers, and government agencies.