The expansion of agricultural into forest areas is one of the most important drivers of biodiversity loss. According to IUCN, roughly 52% of the species listed as threatened are directly affected by agricultural activities, especially in the Global South. A substantial amount of the expansion of agricultural areas is driven by international demand, offering importing countries a way to outsource part of the environmental costs of consumed agricultural products. An increasing number of studies assesses the impact of agricultural trade on ecosystems. This session summarizes main findings, challenges and implications of such analyses for decision-making processes.